The forms and the causes for emergence of organized crime in countries in transition and legal answers to it, case of KosovoElmi Kelmendi
Opis: This dissertation thesis has the goal of researching the forms and reasons for the emergence of organized crime in countries undergoing a transition process and legal analysis of this phenomenon with emphasis on the case of Kosovo. Organized crime, especially certain serious forms of this phenomenon, nowadays in the 21st century represent one of the main challenges to rule of law, law enforcement and judiciary, the political system as well as to democracy as such. Combat against and the prevention of organized crime, especially of certain forms, such as terrorism, corruption, trafficking in human beings, trafficking of narcotic substances, etc., requires special analysis and forms of fight from a national and international perspective. For this purpose, special national and international institutions had to be established. Kosovo represents a young country with a population of around 2 million inhabitants, and has been dealing with the phenomenon of organized crime for the last twenty years of its existence. The goal of this PhD thesis is to research the most serious forms of crimes and the causes for the emergence of this phenomenon in Kosovo with emphasis on the period 2005-2015. In addition, part of this thesis are case studies from the justice system of Kosovo. The analyzed period is characterized by three different legal statuses of Kosovo: 2005-2008 it was an international protectorate; 2008 - 2012 it was under supervised independence by the international community, especially in the area of rule of law and justice; and from 2012 onwards it is an independent state. This thesis also includes the perception of citizens of Kosovo on how they perceive the reasons and the forms of organized crime in Kosovo. In addition, this thesis provides some direct qualitative information from imprisoned persons who are serving their time in prison due to their criminal activities. The research of the reasons through the survey of 205 imprisoned persons (153 in Dubrava prison and 52 in the high security prison) has shed light for the first time in Kosovo as regards to the reasons for emergence of organized crime. This data will serve in the future for the state institutions and various researchers in the area of criminal law studies.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: organized crime, forms of organized crime, the reasons for emergence of organized crime, countries in transition, criminal law legislation
Objavljeno: 15.06.2021; Ogledov: 500; Prenosov: 48
Celotno besedilo (4,68 MB)