The Prespa agreement for accession in the European Union and NATOMonika Gjorgjievska
Abstract: The underlying research rationale of this master thesis has been driven by the interest sparked by the historic settlement of the long-standing dispute between North Macedonia and Greece with the Prespa Agreement signed in 2018. The dispute over the name between Skopje and Athens, especially its settlement, continues to draw attention and curiosity both in academia and in practice. In light of these developments, this research explores the diplomatic relations between North Macedonia and Greece through both contemporary and historical lens. Based on analysis of literature, reports and media sources, this research tries to answer two key questions: (1) What is the genesis of the relationships between North Macedonia and Greece and has Prespa Agreement speed up the process of EU accession process? (2) The Interim Accord between Athens and Skopje was signed in 1995. Why was it not possible to reach a compromise and sign the Prespa Agreement at that time?. The Prespa Agreement was signed on the Greek side of the Prespa lake on June 17th 2018 and is named by the location where the name issue was officially ended. The official name of the Prespa Agreement is “Final Agreement for the settlement of the differences as described in the United Nations Security Council Resolutions 817 (1993) and 845 (1993), the termination of the Interim Accord of 1995, and the establishment of a Strategic Partnership between the Parties”. The Prespa Agreement is supposed to be a solution to differences set in the resolutions 817 and 845 from 1993, likewise the Interim Accord from 1995, signed in New York. On the other side of the lake, were present representatives from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union. The presence of the organizations mentioned above gives high importance for Western Balkans countries. This research aims to understand and explain both sides of the story, the mutual standing points, as well as their differences.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: North Macedonia, Greece, Macedonia, name dispute, history, self–determination, international organizations, agreement, foreign policy, diplomacy, human rights
Published: 09.02.2022; Views: 473; Downloads: 36
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