Repozitorij samostojnih visokošolskih in višješolskih izobraževalnih organizacij

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Naslov:Ravnotežje in propriocepcija pri starostnikih
Avtorji:Pevc, Tjaša (Avtor)
Pavlič Založnik, Simona (Mentor) Več o soavtorju... Novo okno
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga
Organizacija:FIZIOTERAPEVTIKA - Visokošolski zavod Fizioterapevtika
Opis:Namen diplomske naloge je bil predstaviti pomen ravnotežja in propriocepcije pri starostnikih. V sklopu tega smo ugotavljali spremembe, ki se v času procesa staranja razvijejo v organizmu, in predstavili teorije staranja. Namen je bil tudi predstaviti pojavnost in problematiko padcev v starosti. Poleg tega smo raziskovali pomen, oceno in značilnosti ravnotežja in propriocepcije pri starostnikih. Ob postavitvi hipotez in raziskovalnih vprašanj smo želeli ugotoviti prisotnost padcev pri obeh spolih. Ugotavljali smo tudi, ali trening ravnotežja vpliva na zmanjšanje tveganja za padce in na zmanjšanje strahu pred padci. Poleg tega smo raziskovali vpliv treninga mišične moči na izboljšanje ravnotežja in s tem posledično na zmanjšanje padcev pri starostnikih. V diplomski nalogi smo uporabili deskriptivno metodo. Podatke smo črpali iz virov slovenske in tuje literature, ki smo jih poiskali s pomočjo podatkovnih baz kot sta: PubMed in COBISS. Iskali smo jih po ključnih besedah: starostniki, padci v starosti, ravnotežje, propriocepcija in vadba ravnotežja. Iskali smo predvsem aktualno in novejšo literaturo. Pri pregledu literature smo tako obravnavali raziskave, v katere so bile vključene osebe od 60. leta starosti naprej. Pridobljene podatke, ki smo jih vključili v diplomsko delo, smo predhodno kritično analizirali. Avtorji ugotavljajo različne dejavnike tveganja za padce glede na spol. Dokazano je, da pogosteje padajo ženske. Avtorji so enotni, da ima vadba ravnotežja pozitivne vplive na zmanjšanje padcev in na zmanjšanje strahu pred ponovnim padcem. Le-ti ugotavljajo tudi, da vadba za izboljšanje mišične moči pomembno vpliva na izboljšanje ravnotežja. Iz dokazov v literaturi lahko sklepamo, da z vadbo ravnotežja in propriocepcije pri starostnikih pomembno prispevamo k zmanjševanju padcev in zmanjšanju strahu pred padci. Dokaze iz literature lahko praktično uporabljamo tako pri preventivni kot kurativni obravnavi starostnikov. V prihodnje je potrebno izvesti raziskave, ki bodo med sabo primerjale različne vrste vadbenih programov usmerjenih v ravnotežje in ugotavljale njihovo stopnjo učinkovitosti za zmanjšanje padcev in strahu pred padci.
Ključne besede:Starostniki, padci v starosti, ravnotežje, propriocepcija, vadba ravnotežja.
Leto izida:2019
VisID:1440
Število ogledov:24
Število prenosov:5
Datoteke:.pdf 172$$diplomska_naloga-_tjasa_pevc_(21.6.2019).pdf (938,01 KB)
 
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Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.

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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Balance and proprioception in the eldery
Opis:The purpose of the graduation thesis was to present the significance of balance and proprioception in the elderly. Within the context of that, we were ascertaining the changes which develop in the organism within the process of aging and presenting the theories of aging. The purpose was also to present the manifestation and issues of falls in the old age. In addition, we researched the significance, evaluation, and the characteristics of balance and proprioception in the elderly. When setting the hypotheses and research questions we wished to ascertain the occurrence of falls in both genders. We were also ascertaining whether the exercise of the balance contributes to the reduction of the risks of falls and the reduction of the fear of falling. In addition, we researched the influence of practicing muscle strength on the improvement of fear of falling and, consequentially, the reduction of falls in the elderly. In the bachelor’s thesis, we used the descriptive method. We acquired the data from the sources of the Slovenian and foreign literature which we found by means of the databases, such as PubMed and COBISS. We searched by means of keywords: elderly, falls in the old age, balance, proprioception, and exercise of balance. Mostly, we searched for current and recent literature. While reviewing the literature, we, thus, discussed research into which the persons of the age of 60 years or older were included. The acquired data which we included in the bachelor’s thesis was previously critically analyzed. The authors ascertain different risk factors regarding falling with regard to sex. It is proved that females fall more often. The authors agree that the exercise of balance has positive influences on diminishing the number of falls and reducing the fear of falling again. They also ascertain that exercise for improving muscular power influences the improvement of balance importantly. We can conclude on the basis of the proofs in the literature that by exercising balance and proprioception in the elderly, we contribute to reducing falling and fear of falling importantly. We can use the proofs from the literature practically in the prevention and in the curative treatment of the elderly. In the future, it is necessary to perform research which will compare various types of exercising programs directed in balance and ascertain their level of efficiency for reducing falls and fear of falling.
Ključne besede:People in elderly, falls in elderly, balance, proprioception, exercise of balance.


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